It is January now,and it's also the exam season.Let's talk about“one()”and rousing the spirits with the first drum roll(一鼓作气). Wish you all the bestmake a good start

"One" is the first number of human beings to cognize,writing is also the simplest: exactly a cross. The ancients thought chaos was "one(一)",the division of the world is "two(二)",“three(三)”is human beings between heaven and earth, and this gives birth to all things in the universe.

现在是一月,又是考试季,我们就来说说“一”和“一鼓作气”,祝大家开门红!一切顺利!

“一”是人类最早认识的一个数字,写法也最简单:就是一横。古人认为混沌是“一”,分出天地为“二”;天地又生出人,天地人就为三;又生出宇宙万物来。

Rousing The Spirits With The First Drum Roll

During the Spring and Autumn Period,an army from the State of Qi confronted one from the State of Lu.After the first roll of drums from the Qi side to summon Lu to battle,the Lu ruler wanted to attack but his counsellor Cao Gui said,“We should wait until the third drum roll.”After the Qi side had beaten the drums three times,the Lu army attacked and defeated the Qi army.After the battle,the ruler of Lu asked Cao Gui the reason for his odd advice. Cao Gui answered,“Fighting needs spirit.Their spirit was roused by the first roll of drums,but was depleted by the second and completely exhausted by the third.We started to attack when their spirit was exhausted.That’s why we won.”

This idiom later came to mean to get something done with one sustained effort.

[本段英文翻译:韩晖]

一鼓作气

公元前684年,齐国出兵攻打鲁国。鲁庄公决定与齐军决一死战。齐军先声夺人,擂起战鼓准备进攻。鲁庄公刚要率兵应战,却被同来的的曹刿劝住了。他认为时机不到,劝鲁庄公再等等。齐军见鲁军没有动静,又一次擂响战鼓,可曹刿还认为时机不到。齐军见鲁军还是按兵不动,又第三次敲响鼓向他们挑衅。曹刿当机立断,劝鲁庄公说:“进攻的时机到了。”随着雨点般的战鼓声响起,早已摩拳擦掌的鲁军奋勇而上。齐军三次进攻未果,早已士气大减,疲惫不堪,有的人甚至已经坐下休息。鲁军的突然出击使他们猝不及防,顿时溃不成军。战争胜利后,鲁庄公问曹刿说:“为什么要等齐军擂三次鼓后,才能出击呢?”曹刿说:“打仗,主要靠军队的士气。敲第一遍鼓时,士气最旺;第二遍鼓时,士兵的勇气就已经减退了;第三遍敲鼓,勇气已经耗尽。这时我军趁机擂鼓而上,我们士气旺盛,对方松懈疲乏,这就是为什么我们会胜利。”

“一鼓作气”就比喻趁劲头大的时候鼓起干劲,一气呵成,趁热打铁。


“Analysis of Chinese Characters by bilingual”is opened for the convenience of Chinese and foreign friends who are interested in Chinese characters. We’ll push a Chinese character every Mondayanalyze its originand related culture. If there is any improprietywelcome to correct us.

为了让小朋友和大朋友把汉字玩得更爽,我们还精心做了“汉字猜猜”系列游戏和“就爱猜字”,它们在苹果和安卓上长这样——



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